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Vision Correction Options

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Last updated: August 17th, 2021

Custom Vision Correction Options in Milwaukee

At Summit Eye Care in Wauwatosa, our expert surgeons provide a range of vision correction options. This makes it possible for us to customize each patient’s treatment plan to most effectively meet his or her unique needs, goals, and lifestyle. If you live in the Milwaukee area and are affected by a refractive error or cataracts, vision correction surgery at Summit Eye Care may help you see things more clearly and reduce or even eliminate your dependence on glasses or contacts.

Refractive Errors Treated
with Vision Correction

A refractive error is the result of the eye’s inability to bend (refract) light properly onto the retina to produce clear images. More than 150 million people in the United States have some form of refractive error, the most common of which are myopia, hyperopia, presbyopia, and astigmatism. Each of these refractive errors may be improved with vision correction surgery.1

Myopia (Nearsightedness)

Individuals with myopia, commonly referred to as nearsightedness, have difficulty seeing distant objects clearly. This refractive error affects roughly 30% of people in the United States, and is caused by an overly-curved cornea or an eyeball that is too long. The tendency to develop myopia is usually inherited, and individuals who spend a lot of time reading, working on a computer, or engaging in other activities that focus on close vision may also be more likely to develop myopia.2

Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

People who have hyperopia, or farsightedness, can often clearly see distant objects but struggle to focus on objects up close. This refractive error is a result of a cornea with too little curvature or a failure of the eye to properly bend light. Hyperopia is frequently inherited and is often present at birth. In addition to impaired close vision, hyperopia may also cause eyestrain, headaches, and aching or burning eyes.3


Presbyopia is a natural (and very common) part of the aging process of the eye, often becoming noticeable after the age of 40. With age, the clear lens of the eye begins to lose flexibility, and increasing rigidity impairs the ability of the lens to change shape to properly focus light onto the retina. Presbyopia makes it gradually more difficult to see near objects clearly, which is why many older people require bifocals or glasses for reading and other up-close tasks.4


Astigmatism is a refractive error caused by irregular curvature of the cornea or lens of the eye. The cornea and lens focus light rays that enter the eye onto the retina to produce clear images. In individuals with astigmatism, the irregularities of the cornea or lens prevent light rays from properly bending (refracting), which results in blurred vision at all distances. Many people with astigmatism also have myopia or hyperopia.5

Types of Custom Correction Surgery at Summit Eye Care

Through customized vision correction surgery performed at our modern and comfortable offices near Milwaukee, the specialists at Summit Eye Care have helped thousands of patients achieve clear vision. We look forward to helping you determine which procedure may be the best fit for your lifestyle, budget, and goals.

Custom Cataract Surgery

Cataract surgery to replace a cloudy lens can be customized with the use of advanced intraocular lenses (IOLs) designed to treat refractive errors like nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, and presbyopia. After custom cataract surgery, many of our patients are able to greatly reduce or even eliminate their dependence on corrective lenses.

Refractive Lens Exchange

Refractive Lens Exchange (RLE) surgery replaces the natural lens of the eye with an advanced intraocular lens (IOL). At Summit Eye Care, we offer a range of advanced IOLs that make it possible to correct astigmatism and other refractive errors that impact both near and distance vision.

Visian ICL Surgery

Visian ICL (Implantable CollamerLens) surgery is an innovative vision correction option for patients with myopia and astigmatism, and an ideal alternative to LASIK for patients who are not candidates. These micro-thin lenses are made from collamer, a material that is compatible with the body and also provides UV protection. ICLs are surgically implanted in front of the natural lens of the eye to provide a permanent and significant improvement in vision.

Which Type of Vision Surgery is Right for Me?

If you are ready to explore your vision surgery options, the first step is to undergo a consultation with an eye surgeon you trust. Led by Dr. John Vukich, an internationally recognized vision care expert and specialist in refractive surgery, the team at Summit Eye Care is dedicated to helping each patient make an educated and confident decision about his or her vision correction treatment plan. To learn more about how we can help you see more clearly, please contact us to schedule your consultation at our state-of-the art practice in Wauwatosa.

1 National Eye Institute. Refractive errors. Available: Accessed May 6, 2020.

2 American Optometric Association. Myopia (nearsightedness). Available: Accessed May 6, 2020.

3 American Optometric Association. Hyperopia (farsightedness). Available: Accessed May 6, 2020.

4 American Academy of Ophthalmology. What is Presbyopia? Available: Accessed May 6, 2020.

5 American Academy of Ophthalmology. What is Astigmatism? Available: Accessed May 6, 2020.

The Doctors at Summit Eye Care of Wisconsin have either authored or reviewed and approved this content.